Country Profile -
Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

Vademecum - Civil Protection

 


Population: 2,022,547
Capital: Skopje
Area: 25,713 km²

More Information....

 
 
 


Climate:

As a result of very specific natural and geographical features there are two climatic types that collide in The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Mediterranean and continental, which results in cold and severe winters and hot and dry summers.

Types of disasters:
Earthquakes, floods and wild fires.

List of Emergencies

 

 

 


The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia is divided into 84 municipalities.

 

 

 


Jump to;
Contacts
National Civil Protection Authorities
Stakeholders
International Assistance
Civil Protection Planning
Civil Protection Exercises
Legal basis covery Civil Ptrotection
Available Human and Material Resources

 

 

 

National Civil Protection Authorities


Protection and Rescue Directorate
”Vasko Karangeleski” bb
1000  Skopje
www.dzs.gov.mk

General mission and tasks

At national level       
The protection and rescue in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia is organized as single system for tracking and prevention of occurring, and mitigation of consequences caused by natural disasters or other emergencies in times of peace or war or military activities that endanger the population, natural gifts, flora and fauna, common goods and items or facilities of special cultural and historic importance According to the Protection and Rescue Law, the protection and rescue system is realized through:

  • Monitoring, tracking, observing and analysing of possible risks of natural disasters or other disasters;
  • Mitigation and prevention of occurring of possible dangers;
  • Reporting, warning and alarming on possible dangers and issuing directions for protection, rescue and aid;
  • Education and training for protection, rescue and aid;
  • Organizing of protection and rescue forces and establishing and maintenance of other forms for preparedness for protection, rescue and aid;
  • Self-protection, self-aid and mutual assistance;
  • Mobilization and activation of protection and rescue forces and assets;
  • Determination and realization of protection measures;
  • Rescue and aid;
  • Elimination of consequences from natural disasters or other emergencies up to the point of enabling basic living conditions;
  • Oversight of the realization of protection and rescue;
  • Providing assistance to areas significantly damaged by natural disasters or other emergencies;
  • Providing assistance to other countries significantly damaged by natural disasters or other emergencies and appealed for help;
  • Receiving assistance from other countries.

At Ministerial level
The protection and rescue from natural disasters and other disasters is realized by the state authorities in accordance with laws and other regulations that define their responsibilities.
The state authority institutions are responsible for realization of measures for prevention and mitigation of consequences caused by natural disasters and other disasters in their area of responsibility.
The measures for prevention and mitigation that are to be taken by the state authorities are developed in more details within the National Plan for protection and rescue.
At ministerial level the Central State Administration Authorities within the framework of their scope of activity and competency stipulated by law ensure the efficient functioning of protection and rescue systems, and especially:

  • For their own needs, plan and secure resources and equipment for protection and rescue needs.
  • Draft and forward a threat assessment to the PRD in the segment applying to the region of their competency.
  • Are obliged to secure an appropriate competence level of workers and must undertake measures and activities necessary for efficiently carrying out the services of a central state government authority in disaster and major accident situations.
  • Also carry out other duties stipulated by law.
  • The heads of Central State Administration Authorities are responsible for implementing the provisions of the Act on the Structure and Scope of Activity of the Central State Administration Authorities which apply to the obligations of state government authorities, and especially for:
  • Timely preparation and giving information to the PRD about the importance of protection and rescue.
  • Timely and expertly carrying out duties which are within their competency and are directly related with protection and rescue.
  • Determining legal persons in the region of competency of the Central State Administration Authority participating in protection and rescue.
  • Timely and expertly conducting other protection and rescue duties determined by the law and other legislation.

 

Inter agency coordination, levels of command and control
In particular the Law on Protection and Rescue indicates how responsibilities are divided between the participants in protection and rescue activities, including the State, local authorities, private companies, and public enterprises, facilities and services. The law regulates the division of responsibilities in accord with the provisions in the Local Self-Government Law which devolve obligations of protection and rescue to municipalities.
The law also determines in detail the responsibilities of the Protection and Rescue Directorate, as an independent State authority, in the conduct of protection and rescue activities.
                                      
At local level/provinces and municipalities
At local level, in the realisation of the rights and obligations in the area of protection and rescue, representative bodies of local self-government units shall:

  • At least once annually, or upon passing their budget, consider the status of protection and rescue and pass guidelines for the organisation and development of a protection and rescue system in their area.
  • Determine the sources and manner of financing protection and rescue systems in each area.
  • Adopt threat assessments and draft protection and rescue plans.
  • Pass general acts which stipulate measures, activities and activities in carrying out protection and rescue.
  • Also carry out other protection and rescue activities stipulated by the law.

In the realization of protection and rescue the Council of the local self-government unit executes the following activities:

  1. For the purpose of mitigation of consequences caused by natural disasters and other disasters it determines the obligations of local public enterprises, institutions and services in:
    1. Extinguishing of fires and rescuing of people and property in cases of car accidents, technical-technological and other disasters;
    2. Clearance of local roads, streets and other infrastructural facilities from snow, frost and soil caused by heavy snowfalls, rockslides, landslides etc;
    3. Giving first aid in cases of increased number of diseased and injured, and, prevention of expanding of contagious diseases;
    4. Protection of animals and plants in cases of occurrence of diseases, pests and natural disasters.
  1. Monitors the preparedness of local self-government protection and rescue unit.
  2. Decides on the amount of financial assets in the local self-government unit budget necessary for protection and rescue.
  3. Decides on the amount of financial assets from the local self-government unit necessary for paying damages for harm caused by natural disasters and other disasters.
  4. Decides on the distribution of humanitarian aid intended for stricken population in the local self government units.

Local Self-Government Unit Mayor
In the realization of protection and rescue in the area of the local self-government unit the Mayor executes the following activities:

  1. Proposes the Plan for Protection and Rescue;
  2. Monitors the status of realization of decisions passed by the local self-government unit council related to prevention and mitigation of consequences caused by natural disasters and other disasters;
  3. Is responsible for the preparedness of protection and rescue forces established by the local self-government unit;
  4. Decides on engagement of protection and rescue forces established by the local self-government unit;
  5. Monitors the realization of activities for clearance of local roads, streets and other infrastructural facilities in cases of natural disasters and other disasters in the local self-government unit area;
  6. Requests assistance for engagement of protection and rescue forces established by the legal entities in the area of the local self-government unit;
  7. In cases when the protection and rescue forces can not eliminate the consequences caused by natural disasters and other disasters requests engagement of the protection and rescue forces of the Republic.

For the purpose of execution of expert tasks related to the authorities of the local self-government unit in the protection and rescue area he/she can appoint a person or establish a division for protection and rescue.
The City of Skopje coordinates the protection and rescue activities on its area. The municipalities in the City of Skopje are obliged to cooperate and react in accordance with the directions on protection and rescue received from the City of Skopje. For the purpose of realization of this activity the City of Skopje establishes a Protection and Rescue HQ of the City.

Relation between national CP authorities and operational organisations
The relations between national Protection and Rescue authorities and operational organizations are governed by the Protection and Rescue Act and other regulations on the principle of obligatory response of protection and rescue operational forces and others PR authorities for them to participate in protection and rescue activities in case of disasters and major accidents.

(Red Cross, non-governmental organizations which deal with humanitarian actions, Macedonian mountain federation, Radio amateurs and other organization)

 

 

 

Stakeholders

Private sector           
All companies that perform protection and rescue activities in their everyday business as well as citizens’ associations whose activities are complementary to protection and rescue ones and which are engaged on the basis of public-private partnership.

Volunteers

Volunteer Fire Brigades
Radio amateurs and other organizations
Macedonian  Red Cross
Macedonian Mountain Rescue Service
Divers:  Macedonian Divers Association

 

 

 

International assistance


National arrangements on how to receive and deliver international assistance

According to Article 16 Paragraph 4 of the Law on protection and rescue (Official Gazette of the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia number 36/04,49/04,86/08 and 18/11 ), the Government of the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia decides on sending of humanitarian protection and rescue aid to other countries, as well as on accepting of humanitarian protection and rescue aid from other countries.

Disaster Relief

Lines of Communication / Information

 

 

 

Civil protection planning

Coordination and cooperation between civil protection and disaster prevention      
The PRD is in direct command of PR forces and related material assets and equipment during a disaster or major accident. It also mobilises and coordinates other protection and rescue operational forces whose activities are necessary in an emergency.

The PRD is also in charge of what precedes an emergency response, which is the making of threat assessments and protection and rescue plans, protection and rescue standard operating procedures and PR- operational plans. The PRD monitors situations and developments in the area of PR, determines the status of shelters and the manner in which they are used, proposes and organises measures for preparation and training of citizens in self-help and mutual assistance during disasters and major accidents.

Within the PRD a Main HQ is established that runs the protection and rescue activities in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. The Main HQ members are experts appointed by the Government who have the status of persons sent to execute duties for the PRD in the course of their engagement. The PRD Director is a commander of the Main HQ. The decision for activation of the Main HQ is passed by the PRD Director. The Main HQ is operational-expert body of the Government.

As required, the PRD harmonises joint activities with the Ministry of Defence and the Ministry of the Interior related to the engagement of the armed forces and law enforcement forces, respectively, as well as with other state administration bodies and legal entities in the area of protection and rescue.

Civil protection tasks and objectives
For the purpose of execution of activities for protection and rescue from natural disasters or other disasters a Protection and Rescue Directorate (PRD) is established as an independent state authority body with a status of a legal entity. In the realization of protection and rescue, the PRD executes the following activities:

  • Develops the Plan for protection and rescue from natural disasters or other disasters;
  • Develops an Assessment of endangerment by natural disasters or other disasters in cooperation with the responsible state authorities;
  • Organizes and prepares the protection and rescue system;
  • Suggests measures for equipping and development of the protection and rescue system;
  • Enables functioning of the system for prevention and tracking of occurring, as well as mitigation of consequences caused by natural disasters or other disasters;
  • Provides timely engagement and efficient utilization of the protection and rescue forces of the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and the rapid response teams; care
  • Administers complete implementation of protection and rescue measures;
  • Enables realization of strategic and medium term protection and rescue goals;
  • Participates in the manning and realization of mobilization of the protection and rescue forces of the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia;
  • Determines the needs for development and equips the protection and rescue forces of the Republic of Macedonia;
  • Ensures the supply with material reserves necessary for protection and rescue;
  • Controls and assesses the preparedness of protection and rescue forces;
  • Organizes and conveys exercise activities for protection and rescue needs;
  • Develops education curricula and training programs for protection and rescue;
  • Plans and conveys international cooperation in the field of protection and rescue;
  • Plans, organizes and enables exercise activities and participation in collective protection and rescue systems outside the territory of the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia;
  • Develops expert directives in the area of protection and rescue;
  • Determines norms and standards for the protection and rescue system;

Guidelines for civil protection planning
The protection and rescue in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia is organized as single system for tracking and prevention of occurring, and mitigation of consequences caused by natural disasters or other emergencies in times of peace or war or military activities that endanger the population, natural gifts, flora and fauna, common goods and items or facilities of special cultural and historic importance. The rules on methodology for making threat assessments, protection and rescue plans and operational plans define:

  • Methodology for making protection and rescue plans.
  • Making of protection and rescue operational plans.
  • Making of civil protection operational plans
  • Methodology for making threat assessments.
  • Participants in making threat assessments.
  • Procedure for making and adopting the assessment.
  • Stakeholders.
  • Making of external action plans for protection and rescue operational forces in case of natural and man-made disasters and war activities.

Planning philosophy
The National Protection and Rescue Directorate's (PRD) role is to make proposals concerning a legislative and specific normative framework for protection and rescue planning, execution of inspection and definition of administrative measures aiming at making and adopting these documents at all necessary levels while adopting transparent procedures in all stages, thus making it possible for all the interested parties, especially at local levels, to discuss safety problems.
Protection and rescue planning documents are being thoroughly reconstructed, meaning that few assessments and plans have been formally adopted at local community level.

Local authorities are responsible for planning at their level and the PRD is responsible for the monitoring.

 

 

 

Civil protection exercises

Guidelines for exercise planning
The protection and rescue training includes basic, additional and special training in achieving indispensable professional and other knowledge for performing protection and rescue tasks by the Protection and Rescue Forces. The qualification for basic, additional and special training of members of the Protection and Rescue Forces is executed in the Training Centre, based on curricula and programs. The content and manner of conduct of protection and rescue training is carried out according to curriculum and programs for protection and rescue training, which is adopted by the Director of the PRD.

The training of the Protection and Rescue Forces established by the State is organized and conducted by the Directorate in the Training Centre.

The training of the managing and commanding personnel of the Territorial Protection and Rescue Forces, established by the municipality, is organised and conducted by the Directorate in the Training Centre on the responsibility of the municipality.

The training of the Territorial Protection and Rescue Forces in the legal subjects is organised and conducted by the establishing authority.

The training of the Territorial Protection and Rescue Forces with specialised training can be conducted also in the Training Centre under the responsibility of the establishing authority.

 

 

 

Legal basis concerning Civil Protection

At National level      

    • Law on Protection and Rescue
    • Law on Fire-Fighting  
    • Law on Spatial and Urban Planning
    • Law for construction
    • Law for the transportation of hazardous materials in the road and railway traffic

At Ministerial level
All relevant legislation is published in the official gazette and is considered to be national level legislation, while ministerial level would consist of internal regulations that are numerous in every government body

Inter-ministerial cross cutting coordination          
National Protection and Rescue Strategy
Strategy of National Security
National Security and Defence Concept

At local level 
Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Constitution,
Law on Local  Self-Government

Private sector            Protection and Rescue Act and related supporting legislation define in detail the rights and obligations of individual protection and rescue participants; Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Threat Assessment, Republic of Macedonia  Protection and Rescue Plan.

Volunteers     Protection and Rescue Act, supporting legislation governing the rights and obligations of volunteers in the area of protection and rescue, agreements on protection and rescue cooperation between PRD and volunteer associations.

NGOs   Act on Macedonian Red Cross, Act on Macedonian Mountain Rescue Service.

At international level
International intervention is governed by political agreements.
Bilateral agreements
Acts on ratification of agreements on cooperation in protection and rescue between Croatia and:

  • Bosnia and Herzegovina- (signed 2008)
  • Montenegro – (signed 2008)
  • Hungary – (signed 2009)
  • Slovenia – (signed 2010)
  • Croatia – (signed 2010)

Memorandum of understanding and cooperation in the area of protection and rescue of people and material goods against natural and other disasters between Protection and Rescue Directorate of Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and Danish Emergency Management Agency, signed 2010 in Skopje.

Regional agreements           

  • Memorandum of understanding of the institutional framework of the Disaster Preparedness and Prevention Initiative (DPPI) of SEE, signed 2007 in Zagreb
  • Agreement on the establishment of the Civil-Military Emergency Planning (CMEP) council for South-eastern Europe, signed 2001 in Sofia
  • EUR-OPA Major Hazards Agreement, set up by the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe in 1987
 

 

 

Available human and material resources

Early warning and communication

Early warning systems towards professionals
The Early Warning System in the State conducts in full, the given tasks from the Directorate related to its activity in the protection and rescue. The manner of engaging the Early Warning System in the State is regulated in more detail by law. All the reports related to protection and rescue in the Early Warning System in the State, in its regular work, are forwarded to the PRD.

Early warning systems towards the population
The elements of the early warning system form part of national protection and rescue capacities while local authorities mainly have executive obligations for implementing measures of preparedness for operational forces, notifying the population and implementing necessary measures in order to reduce the risk and consequences of an imminent emergency.

 Public information system
Communication with the public is carried out by the spokesperson of the PRD, the Protection and Rescue Headquarters and the media representative at national level as well as of the local self-government protection and rescue headquarters for accidents of local importance and also by authorized representatives of operational forces and media, in accordance with their professional responsibilities.

Operative information
Operational information between operational forces at operational and tactical levels is exchanged by radio connections. The capacities of the Macedonian Amateur Radio Association are a strategy reserve which under certain circumstances may be used as part of the single operational communications system in case of a disaster or major accident in Republic of Macedonia.

Training centres
The protection and rescue training includes basic, additional and special training in achieving indispensable professional and other knowledge for performing protection and rescue tasks by the Protection and Rescue Forces.
The qualification for basic, additional and special training of members of the Protection and Rescue Forces is executed in the PRD Training Centre, based on curricula and programs.
The content and manner of conduct of protection and rescue training is carried out according to curriculum and programs for protection and rescue training, which is adopted by the Director of the PR Directorate.
The training of the Protection and Rescue Forces established by the State is organized and conducted by the PRD Training Centre.
The training of the managing and commanding personnel of the Territorial Protection and Rescue Forces, established by the municipality, is organised and conducted by the PRD Training Centre on the responsibility of the municipality.
The training of the Territorial Protection and Rescue Forces in the legal subjects is organised and conducted by the establishing authority.
The training of the Territorial Protection and Rescue Forces with specialised training can be conducted also in the PRD Training Centre under the responsibility of the establishing authority.